Orofacial Myofunctional TherapyRichmond, TX
"The assessment and treatment of oral and facial muscles as they relate to speech, dentition, chewing/bolus collection, swallowing, and overall mental and physical health.” S.R. Holtzman
What is an Orofacial Myofunctional Disorder (OMD)
Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders (OMDs) are disorders of the muscles and functions of the face and mouth. OMDs may affect, directly and/or indirectly, breastfeeding, facial skeletal growth and development, chewing, swallowing, speech, occlusion, temporomandibular joint movement, oral hygiene, stability of orthodontic treatment, and more. Most OMDs originate with insufficient habitual nasal breathing or with oral breathing. The subsequent adaptation of the muscles and the orofacial functions to a disordered breathing pattern creates many OMDs.
Myofunctional Therapy and Tongue Tie:
We specialize in the before and after care for lip and tongue ties. When the tongue is anchored to the floor of the mouth, it is difficult to maintain the ideal tongue “resting posture” with lips closed at the tongue pressed up against the roof of the mouth. This can lead to a high, narrow palate that can affect facial development and the stabilization necessary for speech clarity. Tongue tie can also affect the processes of eating and swallowing. When the tongue is restricted, any of the following may result: messy eating, dental caries/tooth decay due to not being able to clean food from teeth, fatigue from chewing, inefficient chewing, bites that are too big, difficulty accumulating the bolus on the tongue in order to swallow, a tongue thrust swallowing pattern, malocclusion, difficulty licking ice cream cones, difficulty swallowing pills, and drooling due to poor management of saliva. Digestive problems may also develop due to poorly chewed foods (Boshart, 2015).
Symptoms of Tongue Tie in Children:
- Sleep Apnea
- Teeth gapping
- Teeth movement/turning/crowding even after braces
- Not being able to clean teeth properly with tongue
- Speech-Articulation Issues
- Slow movement of tongue while speaking
- Resonance issues
- Food and texture aversions
- Holding food in mouth instead of chewing
- Affected smile
- Jaw or TMJ issues
- Facial tension
- Throat/Neck pain while talking, eating, or chewing
Myofunctional Therapy and Tongue “Thrust” Swallowing:
Correct swallowing depends on a proper relationship between muscles of the face, mouth and throat. The act of swallowing is one function that depends on the body’s vital balance. To swallow properly, muscles and nerves in the tongue, cheeks and throat must work together in harmony. When a person swallows normally, the tip of the tongue is pressed firmly against the roof of the mouth or hard palate, located slightly behind the front teeth. The tongue acts in concert with all the other muscles involved in swallowing. The hard palate, meanwhile, absorbs the force created by the tongue. In a “tongue thrust” swallow, the tongue moves forward and pushes against the teeth. If a child is using this type of swallow, they may not efficiently clear the mouth of food drink, or saliva. The tongue thrust swallow is also associated with open-bites and overbites. Tongue thrust swallows may also affect speech production. Lisps are the most common problem associated with tongue thrusts, but s, z,sh, ch, and j may be affected. Our tongue thrust program can help “retrain” your child’s swallow for optimal oral development.
How do I know if my child has a tongue thrust swallow?
- Can you see your child’s tongue move forward between her gums and teeth when she swallows?
- Is there food left in your child’s mouth after she swallows one time? Try this with a cracker
- Does your child tense their lips when they swallow?
- Does your child tend to place too much food in their mouth?
- Does your child want sauces on most of their food?
- Does your child breathe through their mouth?
- Does your child have a persistent oral habit such as sucking their thumb, using a pacifier, or chewing on their clothing or objects? (This information is from Diane Bahr MS CCC-SLP)
How do I know if my child has a Myofunctional Disorder?
- Does your child have an open mouth at rest or do they breathe through their mouth?
- Does your child rest their tongue against their teeth or between their teeth?
- Have your child’s teeth moved after orthodontic treatment?
- Does your child’s jaw or neck hurt often?
- Do you have an incorrect swallowing pattern? (e.g., tongue thrusting in between, forward or sideways against the teeth, chewing with your mouth open)
- Does your child have frequent headaches?
- Does your child drool or have bloating or stomach distress after eating?
- Is your child a stomach or side sleeper?
- Does your child have oral habits such as thumb, finger or pacifier sucking habits
- Does your child have a lisp at times when saying the “s” sound?
Your tongue usually stays in your mouth when you are not talking or eating. You may stick your tongue out a little bit to make some sounds or eat some foods. With OMD, your tongue moves forward too much. It may rest on your lips or stick out too far when you talk or eat.
As a member of ASHA (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association) please click Read More button to get more information on Incidence and Prevalence, Signs and Symptoms, Causes, Roles and Responsibilities, Assessment and Treatment.
Orofacial myofunctional disorder, or OMD, refers to the development of atypical adaptive muscle function and patterns in the tongue, lips, jaw, and facial muscles. The tongue and lips are the most often studied myofunctional variants, yet there is a plethora of potential issues. Tongue thrust is the most prevalent orofacial myofunctional disorder. It is critical…
Orofacial myofunctional therapy refers to a number of treatment methods used to address conditions with the mouth and face. One condition is called tongue thrust, which requires the attention of multiple medical specialists, such as a dentist, physical therapist, and speech pathologist. These specialists will have to work together to determine the most appropriate way…
Many are surprised to learn that a speech pathologist can perform orofacial myofunctional therapy. However, one of the main things affected by OMDs is speech. Speech plays a large role in the development of a child, which means that when speech is put at risk or altered as a result of a disorder, attention from…
There are several types of speech disorders treated by a speech pathologist. The severity of the disorders often vary. While some are congenital, others may occur over time. Injury or disability may cause a speech disorder, but neurological functions can also be the culprit. Irrespective of the origin of the disorder, undergoing treatment can help…
Individuals who have certain difficulties producing speech are sometimes given oral motor exercises as part of speech and language therapy. Read on to learn about this type of exercise. People who have difficulties moving the oral-motor muscles (lips, vocal folds, tongue, and jaw) required for eating and drinking can also benefit from oral motor exercises.…